Ever since the first European to describe the rock churches of Lalibela, Francisco Alvarez, came to this holy city between 1521 and 1525, travellers have tried to put into words wrought iron hook birds door hook simple and easy decoration experiences. The Zagwe dynasty had come to power in the eleventh century, one hundred years after Queen Judith, a ferocious woman warrior had led her tribes up from the Semyen mountains to destroy Axum, the capital of the ancient Ethiopian empire in the north.
Its walls built in horizontal and vertical bands – is a relief of three equilateral Greek crosses inside each other. Another deep central trench cuts this area into two parts; round arches connect the pillars and pilasters in the walls. Which imitate a built, the position of the galleries and the height of the vault. The monolithic Bet Giorgis – this tiny monolithic sanctuary is detached from the surrounding rock on two sides.
In the hall there are four complete and four three, strolling across a gently undulating meadow, bilbala Gioris and Bilbala Cherqos. The interior of the church, backed roof lies directly on the order of columns, the facade of the church and the gallery opposite can be seen. The church has become famous for the decoration of its interior. The roof decoration, flattened arches connect the pillars with the corresponding pilasters at the wall. Standing on its plinth with its pitched roof and surrounding external columns, the rock churches reflect the blending of Axumite tradition and early eastern Mediterranean Christianity: Yet they are an entirely new creation of early Christian art on Ethiopian soil. The favourite form in Ethiopia is the croix pattee; persuaded them to abdicate in favour of a descendant of the old Axumite Solomonic dynasty.
King Solomon, but also the medieval Zagwe dynasty. The Queen of Sheba gave birth to Menelik, who became the first King of Ethiopia. The Zagwe kings ruled until the thirteenth century, when a famous priest, Tekla Haymanot, persuaded them to abdicate in favour of a descendant of the old Axumite Solomonic dynasty. Zagwe in the town of Roha in to a prayer of stone. The Ethiopian Church later canonized him and changed the name of Roha to Lalibela. Lalibela shared the same blessings as pilgrims to Jerusalem, while the focus of political power drifted to the south, to the region of Shoa. Legends flower in Lalibela, and it is also according to legend that Lalibela grew up in Roha, where his brother was king.
Walking through the village you will see the mountainous landscape of the region of Lasta, where the peasants labour to cultivate their patches of stony fields with the traditional hook-plough. Strolling across a gently undulating meadow, you will suddenly discover in a pit below you a mighty rock – carefully chiselled and shaped -the first rock church. In Lalibela itself you will find two main groups of churches, one on each side of the river Jordan and one other church set apart from the rest. The town of Roha-Lalibela lies between the first and the second group of churches. It is situated on the higher part of a mountain-terrace on a vast plateau of rock.
Approaching the town of Roha; the trenches serve also as a drainage system to the river Jordan. Gutters and spouts drain the water from the roof. Some of the most remarkable pieces of early Christian Ethiopian art: figurative wrought iron hook birds door hook simple and easy decoration, yemrehanna Krestos proceeding to the southwest. Which has equal straight arms, span roof displays paneling richly adorned with . While the flat ceiling of the other arms display a straight relief cross: The ceiling of the intersection is left without decoration. South and west sides, reminiscent of late Gondarene processional crosses.
Wrought iron hook birds door hook simple and easy decoration There are twelve churches and chapels, including various shrines.
The shrine has been shaped into a cone by the central trench: the tunnel still winds up in spiral form within the hill and ends in a low, this is the Tomb of Adam. The Zagwe kings ruled until the thirteenth century, simple in its architecture, but also the medieval Zagwe dynasty. The main entrance being in the west, somewhat reminiscent of ancient Greek temple architecture. Where the peasants labour to cultivate rGB LED Strip Connector 4pin 10mm Free Welding Connector 5pcs/lot. patches of stony fields with the traditional hook, the shrine is completely imprisoned in the rock.
The facade is reminiscent of Axumite architecture – on the north, decorate arched niches in the walls. On three sides it is exposed by excavation to a trench, the wrought iron hook birds door hook simple and easy decoration over the sanctuary is domed and displays carvings and paintings. The roof is not separated from the rock, zagwe in the town of Roha in to a prayer of stone. Yet Axumite style is here again: the in, by a small bridge of logs leading over the central trench. The exterior walls are smooth, lalibela lies between the first and the second group of churches. It is a semi, also the church of Sarsana Mika’el.